4. Benchmark Approach

4.1. HTTP/WebDAV

4.1.1. Benchmarking a Web server

  1. Record one or more sessions: start the recorder with: tsung-recorder start, and then configure your browser to use Tsung proxy recorder (the listen port is 8090). A session file will be created. For HTTPS recording, use http://- instead of https:// in your browser.
  2. Edit / organize scenario, by adding recorded sessions in the configuration file.
  3. Write small code for dynamic parts if needed and place dynamic mark-up in the scenario.
  4. Test and adjust scenario to have a nice progression of the load. This is highly dependent of the application and of the size of the target server(s). Calculate the normal duration of the scenario and use the interarrival time between users and the duration of the phase to estimate the number of simultaneous users for each given phase.
  5. Launch benchmark with your first application parameters setup: tsung start (run man tsung for more options).
  6. Wait for the end of the test or stop by hand with tsung stop (reports can also be generated during the test (see Statistics and Reports): the statistics are updated every 10 seconds). For a brief summary of the current activity, use tsung status.
  7. Analyze results, change parameters and relaunch another benchmark.

4.1.2. WebDAV

It’s the same approach as HTTP: first you start to record one or more sessions with the recorder: tsung-recorder -p webdav start.

4.1.3. Benchmarking a proxy server

By default, the HTTP plugin is used to benchmark HTTP servers. But you can also benchmark HTTP Proxy servers. To do that, you must add in the options section:

<option type="ts_http" name="http_use_server_as_proxy" value="true"></option>

4.2. LDAP

An LDAP plugin for the recorder is not yet implemented, so you have to write the session by yourself; see section Authentication for more information.

4.3. PostgreSQL

It’s the same approach as HTTP: first you start to record one or more sessions with the recorder: tsung-recorder -p pgsql start.

This will start a proxy listening to port 8090 and will proxy requests to

To choose another port and/or address: tsung-recorder -L 5432 -I -P 5433 -p pgsql start.

This will start a proxy listening to port 5432 and will proxy requests to

4.4. MySQL

A MySQL plugin for the recorder is not yet implemented, so you have to write the session by yourself; see section MySQL for more information.

4.5. Jabber/XMPP

4.5.1. Overview

This paragraph explains how to write a session for Jabber/XMPP.

There are two differences between HTTP and Jabber testing:

  • There is no recorder for Jabber, so you have to write your sessions by hand. An example is provided in Jabber/XMPP.
  • The Jabber plugin does not parse XML; instead it uses packet acknowledgments.

4.5.2. Acknowledgments of messages

Since the Jabber plugin does not parse XML (historically, it was for performance reasons), you must have a way to tell when a request is finished. There are 3 possibilities using the ack attribute:

  • ack="local" as soon as a packet is received from the server, the request is considered as completed. Hence if you use a local ack with a request that do not require a response from the server (presence for ex.), it will wait forever (or until a timeout is reached).

  • ack="no_ack" as soon as the request is send, it is considered as completed (do not wait for incoming data).

  • ack="global" synchronized users. its main use is for waiting for all users to connect before sending messages. To do that, set a request with global ack (it can be the first presence msg:

    <request> <jabber type="presence" ack="global"/> </request>

    You also have to specify the number of users to be connected:

    <option type="ts_jabber" name="global_number" value="100"></option>

    To be sure that exactly global_number users are started, add the maxnumber attribute to users:

    <users maxnumber="100" interarrival="1.0" unit="second"></users>

    If you do not specify maxnumber, the global ack will be reset every global_number users. Bidirectional Presence

New in 1.2.2: This version adds an new option for a session. if you set the attribute bidi (for bidirectional) in the <session> tag: <session ... bidi="true">, then incoming messages from the server will be analyzed. Currently, only roster subscription requests are handled: if a user received a subscription request (<presence ... type="subscribe">), it will respond with a <presence ... type="subscribed"> message. Status: Offline, Connected and Online

You can send messages to offline or online users. A user is considered online when he has send a presence:initial message (before this message , the state of the user is connected).

If you want to switch back to connected before going offline, you can use a presence:final message:

presence:final does two things:

  • It removes the client from the list of Online users, and moves them into the list of Connected users.
  • It sends a broadcast presence update of type="unavailable".

presence:final is optional.

Warning: this is new in 1.2.0, in earlier version, only 2 status were available: online and offline; a user was considered online as soon as it was connected.

4.5.3. Authentication

Below are configuration examples for the possible authentication methods. Note: the regular expressions used here are only examples - they may need to be altered depending on how a particular server implementation composes messages (see also Websocket options for password settings).

  • plain authentication - sends clear-text passwords:

    <session probability="100" name="jabber-plain" type="ts_jabber">
      <request> <jabber type="connect" ack="local"></jabber> </request>
      <thinktime value="2"></thinktime>
      <transaction name="auth_plain">
        <request> <jabber type="auth_get" ack="local"></jabber> </request>
        <request> <jabber type="auth_set_plain" ack="local"></jabber> </request>
  • digest authentication as described in XMPP JEP-0078: Non-SASL Authentication http://www.jabber.org/jeps/jep-0078.html

    <session probability="100" name="jabber-digest" type="ts_jabber">
      <!-- regexp captures stream ID returned by server -->
        <dyn_variable name="sid" re="&lt;stream:stream id=&quot;(.*)&quot; xmlns:stream"/>
        <jabber type="connect" ack="local"></jabber>
      <thinktime value="2"></thinktime>
      <transaction name="auth_digest">
        <request> <jabber type="auth_get" ack="local"></jabber> </request>
        <request subst="true"> <jabber type="auth_set_digest" ack="local"></jabber> </request>
  • sip-digest authentication

     <session probability="100" name="jabber-sipdigest" type="ts_jabber">
     <request> <jabber type="connect" ack="local"></jabber> </request>
     <thinktime value="2"></thinktime>
    <transaction name="auth_sipdigest">
      <!-- regexp captures nonce value returned by server -->
        <dyn_variable name="nonce"
          re="&lt;Nonce encoding=&quot;hex&quot;&gt;(.*)&lt;\/Nonce&gt;"/>
        <jabber type="auth_get" ack="local"></jabber>
      <request subst="true"> <jabber type="auth_set_sip" ack="local"></jabber> </request>

4.5.4. Privacy list testing

There are two actions available to allow for rudimentary privacy lists load testing:

  • privacy:get_names gets the list of all names .. of privacy lists stored by the server for a given user
  • privacy:set_active sets a list with a predefined name as active. The list name is determined from the JID, e.g. if the user’s JID is “john@average.com” then the list name is “john@average.com_list”. One should take care of properly seeding the server database in order to ensure that such a list exists.